A recent report from the United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, or SAMHSA, showed rehab admission increases that were overwhelming in the past ten years. The 2009 study concluded that of the rehab admissions, totaling nearly 2 million, 96 percent were related mostly to alcohol, which held 42 percent of the total and the smallest being methamphetamine/amphetamines at just 6 percent.
The report from SAMHSA and highlighted in a HealthDay News article, shows trends explaining why people are checking in to these facilities for alcohol and drug abuse. Admissions showed patients checking in for a variety of reasons from alcohol and marijuana, to opiates that include painkillers from prescriptions. This is one of the most astounding increases in over a decade. Painkillers like Oxycontin or Vicodin were the most widely used prescriptions in these cases with fewer people using drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines.
This report showed that in 2009, of those admissions, 33 percent were due to opiate prescription drugs. While the increase shown was due to opiate addictions, alcohol still remains a severe problem as well and one that spans all major racial and ethnic groups, except among Puerto Ricans. 44 percent of those who said they were alcohol abusers also admitted to using drugs. Pamela S. Hyde, SAMHSA administrator, stated they often see people arrive in treatment programs with multiple problems as a result of multiple substance abuse dependencies.
Marijuana remains a problem also and shows a usage increase of five percent in the last ten years regarding rehab admissions. 74 percent of those cases involved men and almost half of those were Caucasian males. 86 percent of all marijuana cases involved teens from ages 12 to 17 years old. Hyde says this type of information will increasingly be used to inform the needs of an integrated system of care, as healthcare reform continues to be adjusted in the United States.